Industry Terminology

 

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Aesthetics

 

The appreciation of beauty or good taste

 

Air Infiltration

 

This test measures air infiltration through a window or door, excluding air which passes between the frame of the unit and the wall

 

Aluminum

 

A malleable metallic element, bluish silver-white in color, that has good electrical and thermal conductivity, high reflectivity, and resistance to oxidation. It is the most abundant metal in the earth's crust

 

Aluminum
Cladding

 

Durable aluminum cladding provides a protective shell on the exterior surfaces of windows and doors

 

Astragal Vertical trim attached to one of a pair of doors that prevents them from swinging or sliding completely through the opening; Also used to prevent air infiltration
   

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Back Door

 

An entry door typically found in the rear of a home or building

 

Backset

 

This is the distance from the edge of a door to the center of the hole where the handle set or lock is inserted

 

Ball Bearing
Hinge

 

A hinge option, used in applications where a door will get more than residential-type usage.  Suggested for entry application and frequent-use areas, it reduces the rubbing friction of the hinge flange

 

Ball Catch

 

Hardware used mainly on double doors, installed on the top of door which keeps the door closed

 

Base

 

Applied where floor and walls meet, forming a visual foundation   Protects walls from kicks and bumps, furniture and cleaning tools . The base shoe and base cap are used to conceal uneven floor and wall junctions

 

Bifold

 

A door capable of being folded into two parts, as with doors that are hinged together

 

Birch

 

Birch wood offers a fine, uniform grain in light tan or whitish hues  Birch wood provides strength and durability, along with a satin-like sheen  

 

Blind Stop

 

A blind stop is a rectangular moulding that fits on the exterior of a double-hung side jamb designed to hold the sash in place

 

Bottom Rail

 

A horizontal rail at the bottom of a sash, door, blind or other panel assembly

 

Brickmould

 

A form of exterior casing for windows and doors that serves as an aesthetic boundary between the siding and the frame

 

Butt

 

A door hinge, one leaf being mortised or routed into the door frame jamb and the other into the edge of the door

 

Butt Hinge

 

A typical door hinge  One hinge plate is fastened to the door frame and the other is fastened to the panel

 

Butt Joint

 

An interior door frame to accommodate two or more sliding doors that slide by each other in a horizontal direction

 

By-Pass
Door Frame

 

The joint of two square edges united without overlapping

 

By-Pass
Sliding Door
One of two or more sliding doors that by-passes another door(s) in a door opening in a horizontal direction. A complete unit for such a door can be obtained consisting of two side jambs, header assembly with door track attached and necessary hardwood for hanging doors (doors may or may not be included); conserves space due to the exclusion of a required swing space
   

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Cafe Door

 

A single door or pair of half-width doors, hung in the middle of a doorway, that swing both inward and outward to allow entry; similar to saloon doors in the Old West

 

Caming

 

Pieces of metal (often brass, lead, nickel or zinc) that hold individual pieces of glass together in a decorative glass insert, sidelight or transom

 

Cased Opening

 

An interior opening without a door but finished with jambs and casing

 

Casing 

 

Used to trim door and window openings  Interior casing is shaped, decorative moulding that covers the inside edges of the jambs and the rough opening between the window unit and the wall  Exterior casing is an alternative to brickmould

 

Chair Rail

 

An interior moulding usually applied about on third the distance from the floor, paralleling the base moulding and encircling the perimeter of a room   Originally used to prevent chairs from marring walls   Used today is as a decorative element or a divider between different wall covering such as wallpaper and paint or wainscoting

 

Cherry

 

Grown in the Eastern and Midwestern United States, Cherry wood offers a range of hues from white, light to deep red, and reddish brown  Its color deepens with age, providing rich, beautiful color for years to come  Cherry has a distinctive fine, straight, uniform grain with a smooth, satiny texture

 

Clavos

 

These decorative metal accents were inspired by the function bolt heads that were used in Medieval and Renaissance architecture

 

Clear Wood

 

This refers to wood without any knots or blemishes

 

Composite

 

A term used for window or door components, composite consists of two or more materials, such as glass fibers or wood and plastic. The term also is used for windows and doors that combine two or more materials in the frame or sash construction, such as a product with a wood interior and a vinyl or aluminum exterior

 

Composite Brickmould

 

This extruded brickmould is made from cellular PVC or some other non-wood material

 

Composite Door

 

A door manufactured from a material other than solid wood or plywood

 

Continuous Head and Sill

 

A single element that combines both the top (head) and bottom (sill) pieces of a window

 

Corner Blocks

 

Square blocks used in lieu of mitering the side and head casing  They often include decorative carving

 

Crown

 

Most often used where walls and ceiling meet .  Crown mouldings are used to cover larger angles   Crowns are always "sprung" meaning it has the interior corner beveled off to better fit a right angle joint

 

Custom Millwork

Any millwork not manufactured in a standard size, pattern or layout  It is made to meet a set of specifications
   

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Decorative Entry System 

 

An entryway made up of a door in a frame, one or two sidelights, and a transom 

 

Dentil

 

A series of small square blocks uniformly spaced and projecting like teeth. Often used in a cornice or mantel treatment

 

Direct-Set

 

The window’s glass is secured directly into the window frame without the stiles and rails of a sash (e.g.  picture window)

 

Distressed Finish

 

Doors with a distressed finish have an aged, Old World appearance.  Chisels and other tools are used to apply random worm holes and additional character marks to the door's stiles, rails, panels, and mouldings

 

Divided Lite

 

A window opening divided into smaller sections by a grid system on the interior or exterior of the glass, between the glass panes, or any combination of these three

 

Door Bevel

 

An angled cut on the lock side of a door, usually 3 degrees, that enables it to swing free of the door frame when opening and closing

 

Door Casing

 

A door casing is a piece of trim that surrounds the jamb of the door or entry system

 

Door Core

 

A core placed inside the door to provide either strength or fire rating.  Core types are corrugated honeycomb paper, particleboard, wood stave, mineral fiber, polyurethane, or polystyrene

 

Door Face

 

The wide flat surface of a door

 

Door Frame

 

A complete door frame consists of one header and two jamb legs.  A strip of wood called a “stop” keeps the door from swinging through the frame

 

Door Height

 

The vertical measurement of the door ranging from 6 feet, 6 inches to 7 or 8 feet

 

Door Jamb

 

The part of a door frame which surrounds and contacts the edges of the stiles and top rail of a door.  Jambs may be classified as “head’ or “side” jambs and “plain” or “rabbeted”

 

Door Lite

 

A door lite is a glass insert installed in a door panel 

 

Door Panel

 

A sheet of thin lumber, plywood or composition material inserted into the frame formed by the stiles, rails, and mullions of a door

 

Door Rails

 

Doors can be manufactured with double rails on the top and/or bottom so the door can be field-trimmed for off-square replacement installations

 

Door Skin

 

The front or face panel (usually two or more plies) of a flush door

 

Door Striker

 

This component is a slightly beveled metal plate, which is set into a door jamb to receive and guide a door latch to its socket when closing 

 

Door Trim

 

Moulding applied around door openings on the exterior and interior 

 

Double Action Door A door, usually interior, with special hinges or pivots which allow the door to function in both directions
   

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Edge Veneers

 

Doors manufactured with vertical edge veneers such as oak or birch to match the veneer on the face of the door

 

Energy Star

 

Established to recognize the energy efficiency of various products, this independent U S  government program is responsible for developing a standard set of guidelines (based on NFRC ratings for windows and doors)  ENERGY STAR guidelines are used in conjunction with a variety of building materials, including windows and patio doors

 

Entrance

 

The exterior area of a door (usually used for the main or front entrance of a structure) with decorative exterior trim.  Trim may include pilasters, entrance head or cap, or a decorative exterior casing 

 

Entrance Door

 

A door that serves as the main entrance of a structure; may be single or paired  

 

Entrance Head

 

An entrance head is the portion of the entrance above the door opening.  Also called entrance cap or entablature.  It is commonly used when the head is other than a pediment 

 

Entry Door

 

A door typically found in the front of a home or building

 

Entry Lockset

 

This hardware allows an exterior door to be open, closed, and locked 

 

Environmental Condition

 

The state of the environment necessary for the support and comfort of the inhabitants.  The control of air quality, light, temperature, food, security, etc

 

Extension Jamb

 

Wood or other material fastened to the inside edges of a window or door to extend it in width and adapt to a thicker wall

 

Exterior Casing

Casing that trims the exterior of a window or door frame and serves as the boundary molding for the siding material

   

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Facade

 

The main or front elevation of a building

 

Face

 

Outer or exposed ply in cross banded construction.  Also the surface from which lumber grade is determined

 

Fiberboard

 

A broad term used to describe wood sheet material of widely varying densities manufactured of refined or partly refined wood fibers 

 

Finger-Jointed

 

This assembly technical involves joining components that have finger-like projections on their ends that fit together

 

Finish

 

The final, protective treatment of a surface (paint, stain, etc) 

 

Fir

 

This wood species is dimensionally stable with a uniform color, grain pattern, and texture.  It features a straight, vertical grain and a light rosy shade that will appear redder over time when exposed to light.  Fir offers exceptional stain and finish consistency 

 

Fire-Rated Door

 

Fire doors are designed to meet independent testing facilities’ standards for fire ratings of 20, 30, 45, 60, or 90 minutes.  The specific rating is achieved through the application of special door cores and framing materials

 

Flat Door Panel

 

A door panel consisting of a flat piece of plywood, solid wood or other material in contrast to a raised door panel 

 

Flat Jamb

 

This jamb is a plain piece of lumber, not rabbeted or ploughed.  Instead of a door rabbet, this jamb requires a door stop applied to prevent the door from swinging through

 

Flush Door

 

A flat-faced door that may have a variety of door facings and may be hollow-core or solid-core

 

Flute

 

A long, rounded groove machined along the grain of a wood member

 

Folding Door

 

One of two or more sliding doors hinged to move laterally in an opening.  Also known as an accordion door.  A complete unit may consist of doors with butts applied, track and guide hardware, door pulls and door frame

 

Frame

 

The assembly of structural members (head, sill, jambs) attached to the wood members lining the rough opening used to fasten a window sash or a door panel to a structure 

 

French Door

 

A style of door in which two panels open to provide a clear opening which is approximately twice as wide as one panel  Many styles have full panel clear or decorative glass

 

Front Door A door typically found in the front of a home or building
   

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Garage Door

 

A multi-paneled door built in horizontal sections.  It slides upward on a metal track, stopping when parallel to the garage ceiling, to allow a car to enter or exit 

 

Glue Chip Glass

 

This type of glass features a feathered or frost-like texture and provides an obscured view 

 

Grain

 

An arrangement and direction of wood elements or fibers; can be straight or spiral grain; also used loosely to indicate texture 

 

Granite Glass

 

This glass has a texture that resembles a rough rock surface.  With granite glass, the view is completely obscured

 

Green Building

 

A movement in architectural building circles, green building is aimed at creating structures that are occupant and environmentally friendly.  Criteria such as sustainability, energy efficiency, and healthfulness are considered

 

Grille A decorative grid on the interior or exterior of the glass, between the glass panes, or in any combination of these locations that divides a window opening into smaller openings to create simulated divided lite or true divided lite.  Grilles may or may not be removable
   

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Half-Panel

 

This is a type of door that has panels on one half (usually the bottom half) and a glass insert on the other half

 

Handing

 

A term describing the swinging direction of a window or door.  Window or door hardware may also be left or right-handed

 

Handle Set

 

A generic term given to the components that attach to the face of a sliding door panel, handle sets allow the door to be opened and closed 

 

Hardboard

 

A board material manufactured of wood fiber, refined to form a panel.  Hardboard has a density range of approximately 50 to 80 pounds per cubic foot.  Created under carefully controlled combinations of pressure, heat and moisture hardboard has a characteristic, natural ligneous bond 

 

Hardwood

 

One of the botanical groups of trees that have broad leaves in contrast to the needle-like leaves of conifers or softwoods.  Hardwoods are usually deciduous, shedding their leaves in the fall or at the end of each growing season

 

Head Jamb

 

The horizontal frame member at the top of a window or door assembly 

 

Header 

 

A header is a heavy beam extended across the top of the rough opening for a window or door, resting on the jack studs to support the weight of the wall above the unit 

 

Hemlock

 

Hemlock is a coarse, rough wood with a straight, open grain.  Almost white with a tinge of purple, hemlock is light in color and weight 

 

Hinge

 

A jointed or flexible device on which a door or window turns

 

Hinge Jamb

 

Side jamb in which the door hinges (butts) are applied

 

Hollow Core Door

 

A type of door that has corrugated cardboard between the stiles and rails and is made up of an interior frame of stiles and rails, covered by a skin of veneer or hardboard, plastic, or metal

 

Hollow Core Flush Door

 

A flush door with a core assembly of strips or other units of wood, wood derivative or insulation board, that supports the outer faces and has intervening hollow cells or spaces 

 

Horizontal Lite

A lite or cutout that extends from stile to stile of a sash or panel 

   

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Inner Casing

 

An entrance member that fits over the outside edges of the side and head jambs, thereby providing a base for the pilasters; an entrance casing nearest to the opening that provides a base for the pilasters

 

Inner Frame

 

On a panel door, the intermediate panel member between the stile and door panel that accentuates the sticking of the door 

 

In-Swinging

 

This refers to doors that swing in toward the inside of a room or home

 

Integral Deadbolt

 

This type of lock has the locking cylinder within the knob 

 

Interior Casing

 

A casing that trims the interior of window and door frames 

 

Interior Door
Frames

A door frame installed in the interior wall of a structure
   

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Jamb

 

The vertical frame members of a window or door assembly 

 

Jamb Adjuster

 

These are adjustable screws that are designed for mounting window and door frames into rough openings  They are used to help ensure the product is squarely installed 

 

Jamb Depth

 

This is the measurement from the outside of the exterior sheathing to the inside of the drywall 

 

Jamb Extension

 

This is a jamb-like component that extends the depth of a window or door frame.  In general, a jamb extension has a larger depth than a jamb liner 

 

Joint The joining of two pieces of wood by nails, glue, adhesives or other means; joints may be joined end to end, edge to edge, end to edge, or end to face 
   

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Kick Rail

 

A rail located approximately 10 to 12 inches from the bottom of a hollow-core flush door frame, used primarily on institutional doors 

 

Kickplate

 

This is a protective plate applied to the lower rail of a door or patio door to prevent damage from daily wear

 

Knocked-Down

 

Unassembled, as contrasted to assembled or built-up 

 

Knot

 

A portion of a branch or limb that has become incorporated in a piece of lumber.   In lumber, knots are classified as to form, size, quality, and occurrences.   A red knot is one that results from a live branch growth in the tree and is inter-grown with the surrounding wood.   A black knot is one that results from a dead branch which the wood growth of the tree had surrounded

 

Knotty Alder Grown in the Pacific Northwest, Knotty Alder provides a unique, rustic character for natural beauty.  Wood is usually light brown with hues of red and peach.  Knotty Alder features straight graining with deep, dark knots and a fine texture.  As a soft wood, Knotty Alder is receptive to machining and finishing
   

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Level

 

 A condition that exists when a surface is exactly horizontal 

 

Lineal Foot 

 

Having length only; used in designating quantities of mouldings; "linear," "foot," or "running foot;" "lineal" usually designates non-specific or random lengths, 3-20 feet or 6-20 feet

 

Lite (Light)

 

A framed opening in the glass within a sash or door panel; frequently used in reference to glass divided by a grid into multiple smaller openings 

 

Louver

 

A door, bifold, or shutter constructed with a series of downward-sloping, horizontal slats that allow ventilation, inhibit sunlight, and provide some privacy

 

Low-E Glass This type of glass significantly blocks harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays and the sun’s infrared heat, so homes stay cooler in the summer and interior furnishings fade less  In the winter, it helps keep homes warmer and reduces condensation  It also delivers greater visible light transmittance than tinted glass 
   

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Mahongany

 

Mahogany ranges in color from reddish brown to a deep, rich red, and it stains well for a superior finish  The wood displays a prominent growth ring figure, with grain that is straight or interlocked  Mahogany also offers less expansion, contraction and moisture absorption than other hardwoods 

 

Maple

 

Grown in the Eastern United States, Maple features a very fine grain in whitish hues with tinges of reddish brown.  Maple wood is dense, tough, and offers excellent shock resistance

 

Medallion

 

A raised decorative wood design sometimes used on flush doors  

 

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)

 

This product is made up of wood fiber glued together instead of wood chips.  It is more dense and heavier than Particle Board.  Unlike Particle Board, it can be sanded to a smooth surface and is used in finish goods such as trim

 

Millwork

 

Products primarily manufactures from lumber in a planning mill or woodworking plant   Includes mouldings, door frames and entrances, blinds and shutters, sash and window units, doors, stair-work, kitchen cabinets, mantels, china or corner cabinets and porch work

 

Molded

 

Refers to something worked into a form or shape 

 

Moulding

 

Decorative trim placed within a home, around doors, windows, walls, ceilings, and more 

 

Mullion

 

The upright or vertical member dividing the panels in a door  A mullion is also the vertical member of a sash, window or door frame between openings in a multiple opening frame  The mullion is known as the ‘mullion center’  In door they are sometimes referred to as ‘muntings’

 

Multipoint Locking System

 

A multipoint locking system has more than one locking point 

 

Muntin The individual pieces of a decorative grid that help divide a glass opening into smaller sections 
   

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Newel A newel is the main post at the start of a staircase and the stiffening post at the landing 
   

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Oak

 

Grown in the North Central United States, Oak is one of the most popular woods used in homes  A big, slow growing tree, Oak has a prominent, straight grain and coarse texture  Oak is a heavy, dense wood with high durability and shock resistance

 

Obscure Glass

 

This is any type of decorative textured glass that fully or partially obscures the view  It allows for privacy while still letting light enter a home 

 

Out-Swinging

 

This refers to patio doors that swing toward the outside of a room or home 

 

Over/Under Shim

 

When the side jamb bows in or out because of excessive or insufficient shim material used between the window or door frame and the rough opening during installation 

 

Ovolo A convex profile, usually a quarter section of a circle and similar to the profile of ‘quarter round’
   

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Pane

 

A piece of glass 

 

Panel

 

A wood surface within a surrounding frame.  All panels have structural frames, the interstices of which are filled with sheets or fields called panels.  The panel may be raised above or recessed below the surrounding frame and set off from it by moulding or other decorative treatment

 

Panel Door

 

A door constructed of several smaller components (stiles, rails, loose-fitting panels which allows the door to maintain its shape while expanding and contracting with weather and temperature changes  This door style was first developed in the eighteenth century as an alternative to batten doors, which didn't function well under moisture and climate changes 

 

Panel Profile

 

This is the dimensional detail design surrounding each panel in a door 

 

Particleboard

 

A formed panel consisting of particles of wood flakes and shavings, bonded together with a synthetic resin or other added binder  The particles are classified by sizes, dried to a uniform moisture content, mixed with binder, mat-formed, compressed to density, and then cured under controlled heat and pressure. Particleboard can be used to create a solid-core door

 

Passage Door

 

An interior door connecting two inside rooms or used as a closet door; this door type does not have the strength, insulation, or security requirements of an exterior door.  Panel construction on passage doors is designed to allow the wood to expand and contract with changes in moisture and temperature; the center panels are allowed to float within the door's frame 

 

Patio Door

 

A mainly glass door that opens onto a patio, deck or backyard of a house.  The door panel is comprised of stiles, rails, and glass to allow for viewing

 

Patio Mull

 

This is the vertical structure frame member found between doors in a patio door unit 

 

Pine

 

Pine is abundant across America  It has a distinctive straight, uniform grain in heartwood and wide growth bands in sapwood  Pine hues vary from honey- and straw-toned sapwood to reddish-brown heartwood  Pine is soft, yet durable and is suitable for a range of applications  Knotty Pine provides character and natural beauty with reddish-brown knots 

 

Plank Door

 

A door constructed from planks.  The lumber used is typically one inch or less thick and 4 to 6 inches wide

 

Planted Moulding

 

A moulding applied to a surface and projects or remains above it.  Also known as a raised moulding, as opposed to a solid sticking or applied moulding

 

Poplar

 

Grown in the Eastern United States, Poplar provides rich color and graining  Poplar can range from dark brown to pale yellow or olive green; color generally darkens over time and exposure to light leaving wood a rich brown  Popular has a fine, even texture with straight graining 

 

Prefit

 

Trimming additional width or height off the nominal size of a door to make it fit in the frame better

 

Prehung Door Unit

 

A precut and assembled unit consisting of a door with the locking or passage hardware hung on hinges in a wood frame.   The wood frame includes a one or two piece jamb adjustable or as-ordered widths as well as the door stop mouldings and casings

 

Prime Coat Finish

 

A hardware finish of baked enamel intended for a later application of paint

 

Primed A wood part which has been coated with paint primers either in the factory or on site
   

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Rabbet

 

A cut or groove along or near the edge of a piece of wood that allows another piece to fit into it to form a joint

 

Radius Casings

 

This type of decorative trim is used around the rounded interior perimeter of a window frame

 

Radius Lite

 

For divided lites, a radius lite is an available grille pattern 

 

Rail

 

The cross or horizontal pieces of a door’s framework of: "top rail," "mullion rail," "lock rail," and "bottom rail" are different types of rails based on their location in the structure of the door

 

Rain Glass

 

This type of glass is completely obscure and features textured, vertical streaks

 

Raised Door Panel

 

A door panel on which the edges have been contoured or shaped to provide an aesthetically appealing, three-dimensional effect 

 

Resin

 

This commonly used industry term refers to the raw materials used by PVC extruders to produce vinyl window profiles. The work is also used to describe a liquid material that is used in the production of laminated glass 

 

Rough Opening

 

Finished, cut-out opening into which a door and frame will be fitted

 

Round Top This is a feature on a window or door with a 180-degree curve at its top. It is also called a true radius top
   

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Sapwood

 

Outer layers of growth between the bark and the heartwood which contain the sap

 

Screening

 

A mesh of fine aluminum, galvanized steel or bronze wire often referred to as ‘insect wire screening’, ‘wire cloth’ or ‘insect wire’

 

Seedy Glass

 

Minute air bubbles create sparkle and texture in this fairly obscure glass 

 

Shim

 

This is a spacer used between the jamb and rough opening to maintain the correct frame placement during installation

 

Shutters

 

A louver door used to cover a window or door opening or the exterior of a window to provide protection 

 

Side Jamb

 

The vertical frame member on either side of the window or patio door 

 

Sidelite

 

An assembly of stiles and rails, with or without a wood panel containing a single row of glass panels or lights.  Installed on one or both sides of an exterior door frame, especially a front entrance door frame.  Sidelights provides light, especially for an entry hall, as well as decorative appeal

 

Sill

 

A main horizontal member forming the bottom of the frame of a window or door 

 

Sill Horn

 

An extension of the double-hung or single-hung sill, a sill horn allows brickmould or other casing to fit over the sill

 

Sill Pan

 

A three-sided box made of sheet metal flashing, this is what a window sits in on the rough opening  It is designed to catch water that infiltrates into the rough opening and divert it to the outside 

 

Sill Track

 

The track on the sill of a sliding or gliding window or door that guides the sash or panel as it opens and closes

 

Simulated Divided Lites

 

This divided lite option offers the most authentic true divided lite appearance.  It includes interior wood bars, optional shadow bars between the glass, and exterior metal bars that are permanently attached to the exterior glass

 

Slab

 

A slab refers to a complete door panel that has not been prepared for installation into a frame

 

Sliding Door

 

A door which slides in a horizontal direction parallel to a wall of the structure  They may be of the ‘pocket’ or ‘in-the-wall’, ‘folding’ ‘accordion’ or the ‘by-pass’ type

 

Sliding Patio Door

 

A door that has one or more panels that slide horizontally; often found in rooms with limited space and where a door opening inward into the room cannot be

 

Softwood

 

One of the botanical groups of trees that has persistent needle-like or scale-like leaves; softwoods are evergreen and have longer-length fibers than hardwoods 

 

Solid Core Flush Door

 

A flush door consisting of a core of solid wood blocks or strips with cross banding and face veneers, or with face veneers only 

 

Solid Door Panel

 

A door panel consisting of solid wood, raised or beveled on one or two sides

 

Solid Sticking

 

A mould or profile worked on the article itself

 

Solid-Core Door

 

A door with a solid interior made from composite wood, agri-fiber, wood staves, particleboard, or fire-rated mineral fiber

 

Split Jamb

 

This interior or exterior jamb is composed of two halves that fit together.  One side has a built-in stop and the other side can slide in or out to adjust the frame for various wall thicknesses, usually from 1" to 2"

 

Square

 

A condition that exists when two surfaces are perpendicular (90 degree angle)

 

Stain

 

A discoloration of the wood. The stain does not affect the strength of the wood, and the growth of the fungi stops once the wood is dry.

 

Steel

 

A strong alloy of iron and carbon that contains a lower carbon content than cast iron (lower than 1 7%); used in commercial building because of its malleability under certain conditions

 

Sticking

 

This is the detailing around the perimeter of the panels or lites on a door 

 

Stile

 

This is the vertical frame members of a sash, door, blind or screen 

 

Stop

 

A moulding primarily used in window and door trim that is positioned to stop the door or window sash from opening beyond a set point

 

Strike Jamb

 

Jamb opposite the hinge jamb.  A jamb on which the lock or passage-set strike plate is installed

 

Strike Plate

 

A metal piece mortised into or fastened to the face of a door frame side jamb to receive the latch or dead bolt when the door is closed

 

Sunburst

 

A semi-elliptical area, the lower center of which contains a sun-like figure with radiating rays; may consist of a wood panel or a glazed sash 

 

Sweep A rubber or vinyl strip applied to the bottom of a door to create an effective seal against the sill
   

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T-Astragal

 

This is the vertical strip between doors in a French door unit.  It is always attached to the inactive door

 

Tempered Glass

 

This glass is heat-treated during manufacturing for extra strength, enabling it to withstand abnormal force or pressure on its surface  And it will not break into sharp pieces  Local building codes often require tempered glass to be used in all windows that are close to the floor or near doors, bathtubs or showers 

 

Textured Glass

 

This is any glass that includes a decorative texture.  It often provides a partial or full obscured view 

 

Top Rail

 

The top rail of a sash, door, blind or other similar panel assembly 

 

Transom

 

A window, usually rectangular, placed over a door or window. Transoms increase the amound of light let into a front hall

 

Trim

 

Millwork, primarily mouldings, that finish off window and door openings, fireplaces, walls and other members

 

Trimming Out Installing “trim,” sometimes referred to as interior finish
   

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Veneer

 

A thin sheet or layer of wood, usually rotary cut, sliced or sawn from a log, bolt, or flitch; thickness may vary from 1/100 to 1/4 of an inch

 

Vertical Lite

 

A lite or cutout formed by a vertical bar extending from rail to rail of a sash or door 

 

V-Groove A decorative pattern that is “grooved” into the glass using a special process, V-Groove is available in standard grid patterns and can be created using different types of grids, shadows, and polishes 
   

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Wainscot

 

A lower interior wall surface (usually 3 to 4 feet above the floor) that contrasts with the wall surface above it; an interior wall composed of two different interior wall surfaces one above the other

 

Warp

 

Any deviation from a true or plane surface, including bow, crook, cup and twist and any combination there of, warp may be classified as very light, light, medium, and heavy

 

Warranty

 

A statement or representation that the goods and/or services will perform as promised

 

Waterglass

 

This type of glass features a texture that resembles ripples 

 

Water-Repellent Preservative

 

A formulation of chemical which retards the absorption of liquid water and which inhibits decay and stain in wood.  It is commonly used on exterior wood components 

 

Weathering

 

The mechanical or chemical disintegration and discoloration of the surface of wood caused by exposure to light.  The action of dust and sand carried by winds and alternate shrinking and swelling of the surface fibers with continual variation in moisture content due to changes in the weather.  Also an inclined surface on a member such as a cornice or sill which directs away rain water

 

Weatherstrip

Variously shaped metal, vinyl, plastic or molded fiber strips that fit tightly against the window or door frame parts to prevent air infiltration through cracks.  Cold air entering the house in winter can account for up to 35% of the heating load, weatherstripping can reduce the load