Architectural Styles

Each home is unique, but unity in style brings harmony to home decor. Architectural styles identify beautiful mouldings, doors, stair parts, and more to complement your home.

Colonial

Colonial style homes offer a reflection of early American sensibility and simpler times. These homes emphasize economical craftsmanship rather than decorative detailing. There are few details and trim is narrow and not decorative.
  • Structure: Colonial homes are tall and narrow, a classic "Salt Box" structure
  • Exterior Doors: Entry systems are narrow and windowless with long, vertical panels
  • Windows: Usually 3 over 3 panes, sometimes 4 over 3 panes
  • Colors: Earth tones, gray, natural wood colors; Never white

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Craftsman

With an emphasis on authentic, handmade construction the Craftsman style provides a simple elegance with an unmatched natural beauty. Highlighting craftsmanship and construction, these homes feature clean lines with exposed construction and an attention to detail. Craftsman homes use natural materials to bring subtle, humble beauty with respect and sensibility.
  • Structure: Homes resemble cottages, or bungalows; simple, handmade look with hipped or gabled rooflines and deep eaves
  • Exterior Doors: Entry systems generally feature simple paneling with glass in the upper third and wide sidelites, dentil shelf is common just below glass panes
  • Windows: Double hung windows in four or six over one pane
  • Colors: Inspired by nature - muted reds, greens, browns and rust

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Georgian

With sophisticated detailing and bold massing, Georgian homes offer decadent style and grace. Many Georgian homes are highlighted with exterior detailing, specifically slender columns. Georgian architecture is stately, conservative, and symmetrical.
  • Structure: Symmetry is important with an introduction of Italian stylistic details, such as pediments and decorative urns, either carved or physically present
  • Exterior Doors: Centrally located with raised steps and feature paneled doors with elliptical transoms and narrow sidelites
  • Windows: Windows are usually 3 over 3 panes and always symmetrical, shutters are generally present
  • Colors: Cream tones, white, light gray or blue

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Gothic

With basic floor plans and an emphasis on exterior detailing and ornate decorations, Gothic style architecture provides unusual character and medieval aesthetics to any home. Exterior trim is common, including castellated battlements, gingerbread detailing, cresting and finials.
  • Structure: Tall with steep peaks, Gothic homes highlight their picturesque outlines
  • Exterior Doors: Usually set beneath porches and feature arched paneling and transoms
  • Windows: Tall and narrow is diamond shaped panes; Gothic arch with point at the top is indicative of this style
  • Colors: Tan, Stone Materials

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Greek/Italianate

With romantic fashions and domestic practicality, Italianate homes provide a casual style of living with cultured aesthetics. These homes feature prominent towers with round-arched windows. Italianate homes feature series of pairs and work to unite the structure of a home with its surroundings, providing openness to both the interior floor plan and exterior facade.
  • Structure: Cubic, square towers and everything in pairs; often features exterior pediments above doors and windows
  • Exterior Doors: Usually located in the tower block, with paneled and doubled doors, and lintel or rounded above doors and occasionally a round (not elliptical) transom
  • Windows: Large panes which go down to (or close to) ground level
  • Colors: White and green or rosy, flesh tones with green shutters

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Mid-Century Modern

Mid-century Modern homes look organic with a heavy influence from Scandinavian designers. Lines are clean, soft and the use of glass is prominent - accentuating the use of natural light. Homes have sparse millwork, with post and beam construction. The idea behind this style is to blur the boundaries between the interior and exterior.
  • Structure: One level, open floor plan with walls of glass to bring the outdoors inside.
  • Exterior Doors: Solid, flush, asymmetrical and sparsely decorated.
  • Windows: Run the vertical length of the house and are dramatically placed.
  • Colors: Light or dark in shade.

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Prairie

Providing a sense of rootedness and hearth, these homes appear firmly anchored to the ground with low roof lines and massive central chimneys, creating exquisite shadows. Interior plans provide openness and promote unity, featuring few doors but strips of windows and moulding. Prairie homes have a significant horizontal feel to them molding themselves into the surrounding landscape.
  • Structure: Prairie homes feature strong horizontal lines with low roofs, broad overhangs, and strips of casement windows
  • Exterior Doors: Emphasis on asymmetry and straight lines, glass along the top third of the door; Usually hidden under a porte-cochere or behind a protective wall
  • Windows: Linear stained glass patterns placed along horizontal planes to emphasize the lines of the structure
  • Colors: Inspired by the prairie including tans and browns

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Ranch

Ranch architecture began as a modern take on the Spanish Colonial Ranch home which always included a courtyard in the back of the home. Ranch homes are characterized by long, low, rooflines with deep eaves and attached garages. They feature simple and occasionally rustic trim and millwork.      
  • Structure: One level, walk out style homes with open floor plans
  • Exterior Doors: Flush with asymmetrical or long glass
  • Windows: Large and often have shutters on the front facade
  • Colors: Monochromatic; Colors vary but rarely differentiate between walls and trim work

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Spanish Revival

Spanish style homes are recognized as single or two story dwellings often with round arch porticos lining the front elevation or back courtyard. Red tile roofing, stucco exterior and iron detail on balustrades and over windows is common. Ornamentation is concentrated around doors and windows and is unrelated to the structure.

  • Structure: Massive in width or length, curved archways in contrast with blank walls
  • Exterior Doors: Heavily carved doors with iron strappings, nailheads, and fretwork
  • Windows: Straight or curved, typically with iron over the exterior framework
  • Colors: Cream or pastel shades of stucco

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Victorian

Victorian architecture highlights craftsmanship and ornate style. With a variety of detailing, Victorian homes offer a reflection of the rich and vibrant spirit of late nineteenth century America. The Victorian style can be further broken down into Queen Anne, Richardsonian, and Stick Style architecture.

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Victorian - Queen Anne

Providing intricate detailing and complex skylines, Queen Anne homes feature high aesthetics and lively elevations. These homes typically have a variety of exterior detailing, including intricate gingerbreads, sunburst medallions, and scalloped shingles. These small details provide an exuberant style and picturesque skyline.
  • Structure: Decorative, complex silhouettes; Many roof slopes and round turrets with second story porches
  • Exterior Doors: Marked by elaborate porches, and feature single- or multi-pane glazing, paneling, and decoration
  • Windows: Panes are becoming larger is size, by often only on the lower portion, top portion is often stained or decorative glass
  • Colors: Dependent upon exterior materials where stone, brick and wood are mixed; Gold, bronze, green trim is common on brownstone or terracotta bodies

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Victorian - Richardsonian

With massive floor plans and ornate detailing, the Richardsonian style provides classic, medieval aesthetics with stylistic flourishes. Richardsonian homes tend to have open and inventive interior floor plans, with rooms radiating from the entrance hall.
  • Structure: Massive; Block style silhouettes
  • Exterior Doors: Double doors on porch, with deep arch; Heavily paneled decorative doors are common
  • Windows: Large glass panes on bottom topped by smaller paned or decorative glass; Windows tend to get smaller on upper stories
  • Colors: Grays, browns and brick tones with stone exterior and red tile roof

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Victorian - Stick Style

Victorian Stick Style features decorative, over the top structural elements providing a chalet feel - details including decorative trusses within gables and scrollsawn gingerbreads. With an emphasis on millwork and craftsmanship these homes feature many decorative structural elements including an abundance of trusses. Wood is prominent feature in Stick Style homes, with exposed beams, bold outlines, and natural beauty.
  • Structure: Tall and narrow, these homes provide a picturesque skyline
  • Exterior Doors: Paneling is reflective of the facade stickwork, and entryways are usually found beneath a porch; Either single or double, not round
  • Windows: Narrow, two over two or one over one panes
  • Colors: Two to three contrasting tones

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